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Probiotic Happy Gut Health

The Beneficial Effects of Probiotics to Your Health

, by AussiePharmaDirect, 8 min reading time

Picture your gut as a bustling paradise, where within it lies a complex web of trillions of microorganisms, collectively known as the gut microbiota. This intricate ecosystem plays a vital role in digesting food and facilitating nutrient absorption. The gut breaks down complex carbohydrates, proteins, and fats through the concerted efforts of enzymes produced by our bodies and the gut bacteria. These bacteria contribute significantly to the digestion process, ensuring that our bodies can effectively absorb the vital nutrients from the food we consume.

Similar to a thriving garden, a healthy gut relies on a delicate balance between various bacterial species. Disruptions to this equilibrium can occur when we tread upon the path of poor dietary choices, stressful lifestyles, or even the occasional antibiotic intervention. Such disturbances can throw the ecosystem out of balance, leading to digestive issues, inflammation, and even a weakened immune system.

In this blog, we will delve into the essential functions of guts and the role of probiotics in supporting digestive and immune health.

What are probiotics?

Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when consumed in adequate amounts, confer health benefits on the host. These microorganisms are primarily bacteria, although certain types of yeasts can also act as probiotics. They are often referred to as "good bacteria" or "friendly bacteria" because of their positive effects on our health.

Probiotics can be found naturally in certain foods, such as yoghurt, kefir, sauerkraut, kimchi, and other fermented foods. They are also available as dietary supplements in the form of capsules, tablets, powders, and liquids.

The most common types of bacteria used as probiotics include species from the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium genera. Each strain of probiotic bacteria may have specific health benefits, so different strains are used for different purposes.

However, it's also important not to confuse probiotics with prebiotics, as there is a difference between prebiotics and probiotics. While both are beneficial to gut health, they have distinct roles and functions.

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What do probiotics do?

Probiotics work by colonising the gut and interacting with the body in various ways. They can help restore and maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut microbiota, which is important for proper digestion, nutrient absorption, and immune system function. Probiotics also produce beneficial substances, such as short-chain fatty acids and certain vitamins, and they can compete with harmful bacteria for resources, thereby reducing their growth.

Probiotics benefits

The health benefits associated with probiotics are strain-specific, meaning that different strains have different effects. Some common benefits of probiotics include:

  1. Improved digestive health: Probiotics help break down food, aid in the absorption of nutrients, and prevent the growth of harmful bacteria that can lead to digestive issues like diarrhea, bloating, and constipation.
  2. Enhanced immune function: The gut is closely linked to the immune system. Probiotics stimulate the production of immune cells, enhance their activity, and regulate the immune response. 
  3. Management of digestive disorders: They can help alleviate symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), including abdominal pain, bloating, and irregular bowel movements. Probiotics may also be beneficial for managing inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
  4. Prevention of antibiotic-associated side effects: Antibiotics, while necessary for treating bacterial infections, can disrupt the balance of the gut microbiota and lead to side effects like diarrhea and yeast infections. Probiotics can help mitigate these antibiotic-associated issues by restoring the microbial balance in the gut.
  5. Vaginal and urinary tract health: Probiotics help prevent and manage conditions such as bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, and urinary tract infections.
  6. (Potential) Cardiovascular health benefits: Some strains of probiotics have been associated with potential cardiovascular benefits. They may help lower blood pressure, reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, and improve overall lipid profile. However, research is still ongoing to establish the exact mechanisms and strain-specific effects.
  7. (Potential) Mental health benefits: Emerging research suggests a connection between the gut and the brain, known as the gut-brain axis. Probiotics may have a role in influencing mental health and mood regulation. While more research is needed, early studies indicate a potential benefit in reducing symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress.

Who should not take probiotics?

For the vast majority of people, probiotics are safe and can provide numerous advantages. Yet, it's essential to remember that everyone's health circumstances are unique. In some cases, probiotics might not be suitable or may require extra consideration. 

Here are some groups of people who should approach probiotic use with care or avoid them altogether:

  1. People with weakened immune systems, such as those undergoing chemotherapy, organ transplant recipients, or individuals with HIV/AIDS, should consult their healthcare provider before taking probiotics. In some cases, probiotics may pose a risk of infection in these individuals.
  2. Probiotics are generally not recommended for individuals who are critically ill or hospitalised in intensive care units. These individuals are often at a higher risk of infections, and the safety and more research needs to be done on the efficacy of probiotics in this population.
  3. People with certain medical conditions, such as a history of pancreatitis, and individuals with central venous catheters or other implanted medical devices.
  4. While rare, some individuals may experience allergic reactions to specific strains of probiotics. People with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to any components of the probiotic product should avoid using it.
  5. The use of probiotics in preterm infants should only be done under the guidance of healthcare professionals. While certain strains have shown potential benefits in reducing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants, the safety and optimal dosages are still being studied.

How to choose the right probiotics for you

Strain specificity is a crucial aspect when it comes to probiotics. It emphasises that probiotics are not a one-size-fits-all solution for all health conditions. Instead, different probiotic strains have unique characteristics and effects on the body, making it essential to choose the right strains based on specific health goals.

To select the most suitable probiotics, it is important to identify your health goals. Are you seeking support for digestive health, immune function, vaginal health, or a specific condition such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or lactose intolerance? Understanding your health goals allows you to target specific strains that have been researched and associated with those particular benefits.

For example, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium lactis are commonly associated with digestive health, helping to maintain a balanced gut microbiota and supporting digestion. On the other hand, the strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG has been extensively studied for its potential in managing antibiotic-associated diarrhoea.


They help to optimise digestion, improve nutrient absorption, and bolster our immune defences. By populating our gut with good bacteria, probiotics contribute to a harmonious microbial community, promoting a healthy environment within our digestive system. 

In Australia, probiotics are readily accessible both online and in stores, making it convenient for individuals to incorporate them into their wellness routines. Whether you prefer the convenience of online shopping or the experience of browsing store shelves, there are numerous options available.

However, it's essential to remember that everyone's health is unique, and individual circumstances may vary. While probiotics can be beneficial for many individuals, it is always important to seek medical advice from a healthcare professional.


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